The Customer’s attention is particularly drawn to the provisions of clause 11 (Limitation of liability).
The following definitions and rules of interpretation apply in these Conditions.
- Business Day: a day other than a Saturday, Sunday or public holiday in England, when banks in London are open for business.
- Commencement Date: has the meaning given in clause 2.2.
- Conditions: these terms and conditions as amended from time to time in accordance with clause 15.8.
- Contract: the contract between the Supplier and the Customer for the supply of Goods in accordance with these Conditions.
- Control: has the meaning given in section 1124 of the Corporation Tax Act 2010, and the expression change of control shall be construed accordingly. Controller, processor, data subject, personal data, personal data breach, processing and appropriate technical measures: as defined in the Data Protection Legislation.
- Customer: the person or firm who purchases the Goods from the Supplier.
- Data Protection Legislation: the UK Data Protection Legislation and any other European Union legislation relating to personal data and all other legislation and regulatory requirements in force from time to time which apply to a party relating to the use of personal data (including, without limitation, the privacy of electronic communications).
- Delivery Location: has the meaning given in clause 4.1.
- Force Majeure Event: has the meaning given to it in clause 14.
- Goods: the Supplier’s equipment including Hardware, Software, Consumables and other goods provided (including under leasing agreements) as set out in the Order.
- Goods Specification: any specification for the Goods that is agreed in writing by the Customer and the Supplier.
- Leased equipment: any equipment which is leased by a third party to the Customer.
- Order: the Customer’s order for the supply of Goods, as set out in the Customer’s official purchase order form or the Customer’s written acceptance of the Supplier’s quotation by it signing the Supplier’s documentation and confirmed by the Supplier by email (Sales Order Confirmation).
- Sales Order Confirmation: The Supplier’s written acceptance of the Customer’s Order.
- Supplier: Temple Knight Plc registered in England and Wales with company number 1973532. Company VAT number: GB 528 3995 04.
- Supplier Materials: has the meaning given in clause 7.1 (c).
- UK Data Protection Legislation: all applicable data protection and privacy legislation in force from time to time in the UK including the General Data Protection Regulation ((EU) 2016/679); the Data Protection Act 2018; the Privacy and Electronic Communications Directive (2002/58/EC) (as updated by Directive 2009/136/EC) and the Privacy and Electronic Communications Regulations 2003 (SI 2003/2426) as amended.
- (a) A person includes a natural person, corporate or unincorporated body (whether or not having separate legal personality).
- (b) A reference to a party includes its [personal representatives,] successors and permitted assigns.
- (c) A reference to a statute or statutory provision is a reference to it as amended or re-enacted. A reference to a statute or statutory provision includes all subordinate legislation made under that statute or statutory provision.
- (d) Any words following the terms including, include, in particular, for example or any similar expression shall be construed as illustrative and shall not limit the sense of the words, description, definition, phrase or term preceding those terms.
- (e) A reference to writing or written includes fax but not email.
2. Basis of contract
2.1. The Order constitutes an offer by the Customer to purchase Goods in accordance with these Conditions.
2.2. The Order shall only be deemed to be accepted when the Supplier issues written acceptance of the Order at which point, and on which date the Contract shall come into existence (Commencement Date).
2.3. Each party agrees to sign this Contract by electronic signature (whatever form the electronic signature takes) and that this method of signature is as conclusive of our intention to be bound by this Contract as if signed by each party’s manuscript signature.
2.4. Any descriptive matter or advertising issued by the Supplier and any illustrations or descriptions of the Goods contained in the Supplier’s catalogues or brochures are issued or published for the sole purpose of giving an approximate idea of the Goods described in them. They shall not form part of the Contract or have any contractual force.
2.5. These Conditions apply to the Contract to the exclusion of any other terms that the Customer seeks to impose or incorporate, or which are implied by trade, custom, practice or course of dealing.
2.6. Any quotation given by the Supplier shall not constitute an offer and is only valid for a period of 30 Business Days from its date of issue.
2.7. All of these Conditions shall apply to the supply of Goods except where application to one or the other is specified.
2.8. All of these Conditions shall apply to any Leased equipment.
2.9. Where each party agrees to sign this contract by electronic signature (whatever form the electronic signature takes) then this method of signature is as conclusive of our intention to be bound by this contract as if signed by each party’s manuscript signature.
3.1. The Goods are described in the Goods Specification.
3.2. The Supplier reserves the right to amend the Goods Specification if required by any applicable statutory or regulatory and safety requirement, and the Supplier shall notify the Customer in any such event.
3.3. Where Leased equipment is supplied to the Customer, the terms and conditions of the Lessor shall also apply to the Customer in addition to these Conditions.
4. Delivery of Goods
4.1. The Supplier shall deliver the Goods to the location set out in the Order or such other location as the parties may agree (Delivery Location) at any time after the Supplier notifies the Customer that the Goods are ready.
4.2. Delivery of the Goods shall be completed on the completion of unloading of the Goods at the Delivery Location.
4.3. Any dates quoted for delivery of the Goods are approximate only, and the time of delivery is not of the essence. The Supplier shall not be liable for any delay in delivery of the Goods that is caused by a Force Majeure Event or the Customer’s failure to provide the Supplier with adequate delivery instructions or any other instructions that are relevant to the supply of the Goods.
4.4. Subject to the specific terms of any special delivery service, delivery can take place at on any Business Day and must be accepted between the hours of 9.00 and 17.00.
5. Quality of Goods
5.1. The Supplier warrants that on delivery, and for a period of 12 months for Hardware and 90 days for Consumables from the date of delivery (warranty period), the Goods shall:
- (a) conform in all material respects with and their description the Goods Specification;
- (b) be free from material defects in design, material and workmanship:
- (c) be of satisfactory quality (within the meaning of the Sale of Goods Act 1979); and
- (d) be fit for any purpose held out by the Supplier.
- (e) there is no warranty period for software.
5.2. Subject to clause 5.3, the Supplier shall, at its option, repair or replace the defective Goods, or refund the price of the defective Goods in full if:
- (a) the Customer gives notice in writing during the warranty period within a reasonable time of discovery that some or all of the Goods do not comply with the warranty set out in clause 5.1;
- (b) the Supplier is given a reasonable opportunity of examining such Goods; and
- (c) the Customer (if asked to do so by the Supplier) returns such Goods to the Supplier’s place of business at the Customer’s cost.
5.3. The Supplier shall not be liable for the Goods’ failure to comply with the warranty in clause 5.1 if:
- (a) the Customer makes any further use of such Goods after giving a notice in accordance with clause 5.2;
- (b) the defect arises because the Customer failed to follow the Supplier’s oral or written instructions as to the storage, installation, commissioning, use or maintenance of the Goods or (if there are none) good trade practice;
- (c) the Customer alters or repairs such Goods without the written consent of the Supplier;
- (d) the defect arises as a result of fair wear and tear, wilful damage, negligence, or abnormal working conditions; or
- (e) the Goods differ from their description or Goods Specification as a result of changes made to ensure they comply with applicable statutory or regulatory standards.
5.4. Except as provided in this clause 5, the Supplier shall have no liability to the Customer in respect of the Goods’ failure to comply with the warranty set out in clause 5.1.
5.5. The terms of these Conditions shall apply to any repaired or replacement Goods supplied by the Supplier.
6. Title and risk
6.1. The risk in the Goods shall pass to the Customer on completion of delivery or upon each delivery where a split delivery occurs.
6.2. Title to the Goods shall not pass to the Customer until the earlier of:
- (a) the Supplier receives payment in full (in cash or cleared funds) for the Goods and any other goods that the Supplier has supplied to the Customer in respect of which payment has become due, in which case title to the Goods shall pass at the time of payment of all such sums; and
- (b) the Customer resells the Goods, in which case title to the Goods shall pass to the Customer at the time specified in clause 6.4.
6.3. Until title to the Goods has passed to the Customer, the Customer shall:
- (a) store the Goods separately from all other goods held by the Customer so that they remain readily identifiable as the Supplier’s property;
- (b) not remove, deface or obscure any identifying mark or packaging on or relating to the Goods;
- (c) maintain the Goods in satisfactory condition and keep them insured against all risks for their full price on the Supplier’s behalf from the date of delivery;
- (d) notify the Supplier immediately if it becomes subject to any of the events listed in clause 12.3(b) to clause 12.3(d); and
- (e) give the Supplier such information relating to the Goods as the Supplier may require from time to time.
6.4. Subject to clause 6.5, the Customer may resell or use the Goods in the ordinary course of its business (but not otherwise) before the Supplier receives payment for the Goods. However, if the Customer resells the Goods before that time:
- (a) it does so as principal and not as the Supplier’s agent;
- (b) the Customer’s directors agree that they shall remain personally responsible for payment of the Goods to the Supplier; and
- (c) title to the Goods shall pass from the Supplier to the Customer immediately before the time at which resale by the Customer occurs.
6.5. If before title to the Goods passes to the Customer the Customer becomes subject to any of the events listed in clause 12.3(b) to clause 12.3(d), then, without limiting any other right or remedy the Supplier may have:
- (a) the Customer’s right to resell Goods or use them in the ordinary course of its business ceases immediately;
- (b) the Supplier may at any time:
- (i) require the Customer to deliver up all Goods in its possession which have not been resold; and
- (ii) if the Customer fails to do so promptly, enter any premises of the Customer or of any third party where the Goods are stored in order to recover them.
7. Customer’s obligations
7.1. The Customer shall:
- (a) ensure that the terms of the Order and any information it provides in the Goods Specification, are complete and accurate;
- (b) comply with all applicable laws, including health and safety laws;
- (c) keep all materials, equipment, documents and other property of the Supplier (Supplier Materials) at the Customer’s premises in safe custody at its own risk, maintain the Supplier Materials in good condition until returned to the Supplier, and not dispose of or use the Supplier Materials other than in accordance with the Supplier’s written instructions or authorisation; and
- (d) comply with any additional obligations as set out in the Goods Specification.
7.2. If the Supplier’s performance of any of its obligations under the Contract is prevented or delayed by any act or omission by the Customer or failure by the Customer to perform any relevant obligation (Customer Default):
- (a) without limiting or affecting any other right or remedy available to it, the Supplier shall have the right to suspend delivery of the Goods until the Customer remedies the Customer Default, and to rely on the Customer Default to relieve it from the performance of any of its obligations in each case to the extent the Customer Default prevents or delays the Supplier’s performance of any of its obligations;
- (b) the Supplier shall not be liable for any costs or losses sustained or incurred by the Customer arising directly or indirectly from the Supplier’s failure or delay performing any of its obligations as set out in this clause 7.2; and
- (c) the Customer shall reimburse the Supplier on written demand for any costs or losses sustained or incurred by the Supplier arising directly or indirectly from the Customer Default.
8. Charges and payment
8.1. The price for Goods:
- (a) shall be the price set out in the Order; and
- (b) shall be exclusive of all costs and charges of packaging, insurance, transport of the Goods, which shall be invoiced to the Customer.
8.2. The Supplier reserves the right to:
- (a) increase the price of the Goods, by giving notice in writing to the Customer at any time before delivery, to reflect any increase in the cost of the Goods to the Supplier that is due to:
- (i) any factor beyond the control of the Supplier (including foreign exchange fluctuations, increases in taxes and duties, and increases in labour, materials and other manufacturing costs);
- (ii) any request by the Customer to change the delivery date(s), quantities or types of Goods ordered, or the Goods Specification; or
- (iii) any delay caused by any instructions of the Customer in respect of the Goods or failure of the Customer to give the Supplier adequate or accurate information or instructions in respect of the Goods.
8.3. In respect of Goods, the Supplier shall invoice the Customer on or at any time after completion of delivery.
8.4. The Customer shall pay each invoice submitted by the Supplier:
- (a) within 30 days of the date of the invoice or in accordance with any credit terms stated on the invoice; and
- (b) in full and in cleared funds to a bank account nominated in writing by the Supplier, and
time for payment shall be of the essence of the Contract.
8.5. All amounts payable by the Customer under the Contract are exclusive of amounts in respect of value added tax chargeable from time to time (VAT). Where any taxable supply for VAT purposes is made under the Contract by the Supplier to the Customer, the Customer shall, on receipt of a valid VAT invoice from the Supplier, pay to the Supplier such additional amounts in respect of VAT as are chargeable on the supply of the Goods at the same time as payment is due for the supply of the Goods.
8.6. If the Customer fails to make a payment due to the Supplier under the Contract by the due date, then, without limiting the Supplier’s remedies under clause 12 (Default and termination), the Customer shall pay interest on the overdue sum from the due date until payment of the overdue sum, whether before or after judgment. Interest under this clause 9.6 will accrue each day at 3% a year above the Bank of England’s base rate from time to time, but at 3% a year for any period when that base rate is below 0%.
8.7. All amounts due under the Contract shall be paid in full without any set-off, counterclaim, deduction or withholding (other than any deduction or withholding of tax as required by law).
9. Data protection and data processing
9.1. Both parties will comply with all applicable requirements of the Data Protection Legislation. This clause 9 is in addition to, and does not relieve, remove or replace, a party’s obligations or rights under the Data Protection Legislation. In this clause 9, Applicable Laws means (for so long as and to the extent that they apply to the Supplier) the law of the European Union, the law of any member state of the European Union and/or Domestic UK Law; and Domestic UK Law means the UK Data Protection Legislation and any other law that applies in the UK.
9.2. The parties acknowledge that for the purposes of the Data Protection Legislation, the Customer is the controller and the Supplier is the processor.
9.3. Without prejudice to the generality of clause 9.1, the Customer will ensure that it has all necessary appropriate consents and notices in place to enable lawful transfer of the personal data to the Supplier for the duration and purposes of the Contract.
9.4. Without prejudice to the generality of clause 9.1, the Supplier shall, in relation to any personal data processed in connection with the performance by the Supplier of its obligations under the Contract:
9.5. process that personal data only on the documented written instructions of the Customer unless the Supplier is required by Applicable Laws to otherwise process that personal data. Where the Supplier is relying on Applicable Laws as the basis for processing personal data, the Supplier shall promptly notify the Customer of this before performing the processing required by the Applicable Laws unless those Applicable Laws prohibit the Supplier from so notifying the Customer;
9.6. ensure that it has in place appropriate technical and organisational measures, reviewed and approved by the Customer, to protect against unauthorised or unlawful processing of personal data and against accidental loss or destruction of, or damage to, personal data, appropriate to the harm that might result from the unauthorised or unlawful processing or accidental loss, destruction or damage and the nature of the data to be protected, having regard to the state of technological development and the cost of implementing any measures (those measures may include, where appropriate, pseudonymising and encrypting personal data, ensuring confidentiality, integrity, availability and resilience of its systems and services, ensuring that availability of and access to personal data can be restored in a timely manner after an incident, and regularly assessing and evaluating the effectiveness of the technical and organisational measures adopted by it);
9.7. ensure that all personnel who have access to and/or process personal data are obliged to keep the personal data confidential; and
9.8. not transfer any personal data outside of the European Economic Area unless the prior written consent of the Customer has been obtained and the following conditions are fulfilled:
9.9. the Customer or the Supplier has provided appropriate safeguards in relation to the transfer;
9.10. the data subject (as defined in the Data Protection Legislation) has enforceable rights and effective legal remedies;
9.11. the Supplier complies with its obligations under the Data Protection Legislation by providing an adequate level of protection to any personal data that is transferred; and
9.12. the Supplier complies with reasonable instructions notified to it in advance by the Customer with respect to the processing of the personal data;
9.13. assist the Customer, at the Customer’s cost, in responding to any request from a data subject and in ensuring compliance with its obligations under the Data Protection Legislation with respect to security, breach notifications, impact assessments and consultations with supervisory authorities or regulators;
9.14. notify the Customer without undue delay on becoming aware of a personal data breach;
9.15. at the written direction of the Customer, delete or return personal data and copies thereof to the Customer on termination of the Contract unless required by Applicable Law to store the personal data; and
9.16. maintain complete and accurate records and information to demonstrate its compliance with this clause 9 [and allow for audits by the Customer or the Customer’s designated auditor] and immediately inform the Customer if, in the opinion of the Supplier, an instruction infringes the Data Protection Legislation.
9.17. Where Goods are purchased via a lease, the Customer must also comply with the Lessor’s data protection terms and conditions with regards to data protection and data processing.
9.18. Either party may, at any time on not less than 30 days’ notice, revise this clause 9 by replacing it with any applicable controller to processor standard clauses or similar terms forming part of an applicable certification scheme (which shall apply when replaced by attachment to the Contract).
10.1. Each party undertakes that it shall not at any time during the Contract, and for a period of five years after termination of the Contract, disclose to any person any confidential information concerning the business, affairs, customers, clients or suppliers of the other party, except as permitted by clause 10.2.
10.2. Each party may disclose the other party’s confidential information:
- (a) to its employees, officers, representatives, subcontractors or advisers who need to know such information for the purposes of carrying out the party’s obligations under the Contract. Each party shall ensure that its employees, officers, representatives, subcontractors or advisers to whom it discloses the other party’s confidential information comply with this clause 10; and
- (b) as may be required by law, a court of competent jurisdiction or any governmental or regulatory authority.
10.3. Neither party shall use the other party’s confidential information for any purpose other than to perform its obligations under the Contract.
11. Limitation of liability: THE CUSTOMER’S ATTENTION IS PARTICULARLY DRAWN TO THIS CLAUSE.
11.1. The restrictions on liability in this clause 11 apply to every liability arising under or in connection with the Contract including liability in contract, tort (including negligence), misrepresentation, restitution or otherwise.
11.2. Neither party may benefit from the limitations and exclusions set out in this clause in respect of any liability arising from its deliberate default.
11.3. Nothing in the Contract limits any liability which cannot legally be limited, including [but not limited to] liability for:
- (a) death or personal injury caused by negligence;
- (b) fraud or fraudulent misrepresentation; and
- (c) breach of the terms implied by section 12 of the Sale of Goods Act 1979 or section 2 of the Supply of Goods and Services Act 1982 (title and quiet possession).
11.4. Subject to the remaining provisions of this Clause 11;
- (a) the Supplier’s total liability in contract, tort (including negligence or breach of statutory duty), misrepresentation, restitution or otherwise, arising in connection with the performance or contemplated performance of the Contract shall be limited to the Contract Price; and
- (b) the Supplier shall not be liable to the Customer for any pure economic loss, loss of profit, loss of business, depletion of goodwill or otherwise, in each case whether direct, indirect or consequential, or any claims for consequential compensation whatsoever (howsoever caused) which arise out of or in connection with the Contract.
12. Customer Default and termination
12.1. The Contract may not be terminated by the Customer
12.2. If the Customer fails to make any payment on the due date then, without prejudice to any other right or remedy available to the Supplier, the Supplier shall be entitled to:
- (a) cancel the order or suspend any further deliveries or provision of Goods to the Customer;
- (b) appropriate any payment made by the Customer to such of the Goods (or the goods supplied under any other contract between the Customer and the Supplier) as the Supplier may think fit (notwithstanding any purported appropriation by the Customer); and
- (c) charge the Customer interest (both before and after any judgement) on the amount unpaid, at the rate of 3% per annum above the Bank of England’s base rate from time to time, until payment in full is made (a part of a month being treated as a full month for the purpose of calculating interest).
12.3. This condition applies if:
- (a) the Customer fails to perform or observe any of its obligations hereunder or is otherwise in breach of the Contract;
- (b) the Customer becomes subject to an administration order or enters into a voluntary arrangement under Parts I or VIII of the Insolvency Act 1986 or the Insolvent Partnerships Order 1994 (as amended) or (being an individual or firm) becomes bankrupt or (being a company) goes into liquidation;
- (c) an encumbrancer takes possession, or a receiver is appointed, of any of the property or assets of the Customer;
- (d) the Customer ceases, or threatens to cease, to carry on business; or
- (e) the Supplier reasonably apprehends that any of the events mentioned above is about to occur in relation to the Customer and notifies the Customer accordingly.
12.4. If sub-Clause 12.3 applies then, without prejudice to any other right or remedy available to the Supplier, the Supplier shall be entitled to cancel the Contract or suspend any further deliveries under the Contract without any liability to the Customer, and if the Goods have been delivered but not paid for the price shall become immediately due and payable notwithstanding any previous agreement or arrangement to the contrary.
13. Consequences of default
13.1. On default and cancellation of the Contract:
- (a) the Customer shall immediately pay to the Supplier all of the Supplier’s outstanding unpaid invoices and interest for Goods sold and, in respect of Goods supplied but for which no invoice has been submitted, the Supplier shall submit an invoice, which shall be payable by the Customer immediately on receipt;
- (b) the Customer shall be liable for all costs incurred in collecting payments, (details of which can be found on the Supplier’s website), together with interest owed by the Customer;
- (c) the Customer shall return all of the Supplier Materials and any Goods which have not been fully paid for. If the Customer fails to do so, then the Supplier may enter the Customer’s premises and take possession of them. Until they have been returned, the Customer shall be solely responsible for their safe keeping and will not use them for any purpose not connected with this Contract.
13.2. Termination or expiry of the Contract shall not affect any rights, remedies, obligations and liabilities of the parties that have accrued up to the date of termination or expiry, including the right to claim damages in respect of any breach of the Contract which existed at or before the date of termination or expiry.
13.3. Any provision of the Contract that expressly or by implication is intended to have effect after termination or expiry shall continue in full force and effect.
14. Force majeure
Neither party shall be in breach of the Contract nor liable for delay in performing or failure to perform, any of its obligations under the Contract if such delay or failure result from events, circumstances or causes beyond its reasonable control (a Force Majeure Event).
15.1. Assignment and other dealings
- (a) The Supplier may at any time and on giving not less than one month’s written notice assign, mortgage, charge, subcontract, delegate, declare a trust over or deal in any other manner with any or all of its rights and obligations under the Contract.
- (b) The Customer shall not assign, transfer, mortgage, charge, subcontract, delegate, declare a trust over or deal in any other manner with any of its rights and obligations under the Contract.
- (a) Any notice or other communication given to a party under or in connection with the Contract shall be in writing and shall be:
- (i) delivered by hand or by pre-paid first-class post or other next working day delivery service at its registered office (if a company) or its principal place of business (in any other case); or
- (ii) sent by fax to its main fax number.
- (b) Any notice or communication shall be deemed to have been received:
- (i) if delivered by hand, on signature of a delivery receipt or at the time the notice is left at the proper address;
- (ii) if sent by pre-paid first-class post or other next working day delivery service, at 9.00 am on the second Business Day after posting or at the time recorded by the delivery service; and
- (iii) if sent by fax, at the time of transmission, or, if this time falls outside business hours in the place of receipt, when business hours resume. In this clause 15.2(b)
- (iii), business hours means 9.00am to 5.00pm Monday to Friday on a day that is not a public holiday in the place of receipt.
- (c) Notice of termination of the Contract must be sent by recorded delivery.
- (d) This clause 15.2 does not apply to the service of any proceedings or other documents in any legal action or, where applicable, any arbitration or other method of dispute resolution.
- (e) A notice given under the Contract is not valid if sent by email.
15.3. Severance. If any provision or part-provision of the Contract is or becomes invalid, illegal or unenforceable, it shall be deemed modified to the minimum extent necessary to make it valid, legal and enforceable. If such modification is not possible, the relevant provision or part-provision shall be deemed deleted. Any modification to or deletion of a provision or part-provision under this clause15.3 shall not affect the validity and enforceability of the rest of the Contract.
15.4. Waiver. A waiver of any right or remedy under the Contract or by law is only effective if given in writing and shall not be deemed a waiver of any subsequent right or remedy. A failure or delay by a party to exercise any right or remedy provided under the Contract or by law shall not constitute a waiver of that or any other right or remedy, nor shall it prevent or restrict any further exercise of that or any other right or remedy. No single or partial exercise of any right or remedy provided under the Contract or by law shall prevent or restrict the further exercise of that or any other right or remedy.
15.5. No partnership or agency. Nothing in the Contract is intended to, or shall be deemed to, establish any partnership or joint venture between the parties, constitute either party the agent of the other, or authorise either party to make or enter into any commitments for or on behalf of the other party.
15.6. Entire agreement.
- (a) The Contract constitutes the entire agreement between the parties and supersedes and extinguishes all previous agreements, promises, assurances, warranties, representations and understandings between them, whether written or oral, relating to its subject matter.
- (b) Each party acknowledges that in entering into the Contract it does not rely on and shall have no remedies in respect of any statement, representation, assurance or warranty (whether made innocently or negligently) that is not set out in the Contract. Each party agrees that it shall have no claim for innocent or negligent misrepresentation based on any statement in the Contract.
15.7. Third party rights.
- (a) Unless it expressly states otherwise, the Contract does not give rise to any rights under the Contracts (Rights of Third Parties) Act 1999 to enforce any term of the Contract.
- (b) The rights of the parties to rescind or vary the Contract are not subject to the consent of any other person.
15.8. Variation. Except as set out in these Conditions, no variation of the Contract shall be effective unless it is agreed in writing and signed by the parties (or their authorised representatives).
15.9. Governing law. The Contract and any dispute or claim (including non-contractual disputes or claims) arising out of or in connection with it or its subject matter or formation shall be governed by and construed in accordance with the law of England and Wales.
15.10. Jurisdiction. Each party irrevocably agrees that the courts of England and Wales shall have exclusive jurisdiction to settle any dispute or claim (including non-contractual disputes or claims) arising out of or in connection with the Contract or its subject matter or formation.